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Non-Profit Organizations and Their Role in Human Rights Improvement In Post-Soviet Space

Due to his education and life experience, the author often compares European and American society. In 2013, he studied in England for a pre-degree master’s foundation programme. This event showed social consciousness disparities and dramatic contrasts between his nation and Europe. He began in the UK with a bachelor’s degree in journalism and knew his focus should be on European people’s advantages in this field. The political climate governments offer to sustain them.

So he researched Post-Soviet development issues. First, he wrote about the degree of Human Rights Protection in Georgia. He gave an interview to one of the most prominent Kazakh newspapers, “Uralskaya Nedelya,” where he discussed Human Rights and Democracy in Kazakhstan, his birthplace, where he lived his first 17 years. Compare two former Soviet states’ internal difficulties. He can also suggest answers to their problems, but it’s tough to implement them in these two countries owing to pressure from a more powerful neighbour.

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He believes Human Rights are essential for modern democracies. After the USSR’s fall, the nations that became independent created cultures where “democracy” is not well understood. Politicians exploit it to defend their interests, and human rights breaches undermine democracy. He believes that respecting human rights and the rule of law may lead Post-Soviet societies to democracy. Being a Post-Soviet citizen, he wants to study the elements limiting his nation’s correct, liberal, democratic growth, which looks to be the victim of Soviet “propaganda.” He feels that examining our past will help us develop a better tomorrow.

He thinks his research will assist comprehend problems like the absence of rights and protection of human rights during the Communist period and its influence on Russian, Central Asian, and Caucasian countries today. Only by studying human rights breaches will people realize that protecting our rights is the key to an independent and democratic future.

Why Human Rights?

Human rights are crucial in the relationship between people and their government. Because people have human rights, a government’s power is constrained, and States must meet fundamental necessities and defend liberties.

Human rights include:

  • They are globally guaranteed
  • Legally protected
  • Focus on human dignity
  • Protect people and groups and
  • Cannot be taken away

Equality is crucial

We establish our identities through observing our distinctions from others. Gender, age, race/ethnicity, skin colour, religion, sexuality, family, country, money, and accent/hometown are critical variables of distinction. Some disagree that classifying individuals is terrible. Some people are biased because they are poor, affluent, black, or white. People can be discriminatory and racist, meaning they’re violent towards racial minorities. People often misunderstand others’ differences and similarities.

Racism is a social threat. Differences can generate conflicts and violence but also benefit individuals. Today, equality is a hot subject. Youth must learn equality and their rights to learn how to respect themselves and others. The majority of us are now satisfied working, learning, and becoming friends with individuals of various races, which is a massive step towards a more fair society. Outdated women’s stereotypes are fading. Minority populations who lagged in schooling are catching up. Lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons are viewed differently.

Issues rights:

Human rights protection varies from country to country. Individual rights are more safeguarded in Europe than in Russia, where human rights breaches are common. Declining governmental capability, budgetary austerity, and rising social inequality are standard in many post-Soviet republics, leading to grave abuses of the rights of socially disadvantaged populations. The government discriminates against LGBT people, religious and ethnic minorities, and migrant labour.

In politically driven instances, including the convictions of many detainees detained following the 2012 anti-Putin rally on Moscow’s officials violated due process and imprisonment of environmental activist Yevgeny Vitishko for anti-corruption activism during the Sochi Olympics, the December convictions of Aleksey Navalny and his brother for fraud, and criminal cases opened against several other political activists.

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Soviet Union Human Rights the Soviet Union was a one-party state where all significant posts were Communist Party nominees.

Marxist-Leninist ideology banned personal property in the USSR. The Soviet legal system viewed the law as state policy and courts as government organs, and the Soviet secret police had judicial authority. Soviet legal thinkers considered the Western rule of law, legal protection, civil freedoms, and property rights “bourgeois morality.”

Under the Soviet dictatorship, an activity that threatened the Soviet state and society was regarded as a crime, not a violation of the law. The purpose of public trials wasn’t to prove guilt but to educate the people via political agitation and propaganda. Soviet secret police frequently repressed political dissidents in the 1930s and 1940s, and official terminology included “terror” and “repression.”

Hundreds of authors, scientists, and politicians were denied opportunities to help their people. The author believes this reality (among others) has led to the Post-Soviet region’s low economic, social, and political growth.

Post-soviet rights

Governments limit people’s rights and liberties. This is because it’s simpler to dominate people this way. Human rights determine a citizen’s legal standing, political participation, and protection. Post-Soviet countries’ battle for independence and rights is unique and tragic. Soviet dissidents strove to make the government keep its promises to its population, such as free choice and opinion, the right to follow any religion, and personal privacy. These initiatives sometimes yielded results, but dissidents often ended themselves in jails, exiles, or mental institutions.

Post-Soviet countries have a major human rights problem. A communist society chose to break apart and become capitalist after more than 70 years. Removing the national traits, economic traditions, and political and social underpinnings of Soviet society, capitalism drove these nations back a century to “wild” capitalism based on despoliation and violation of individuals’ rights. This area has never seen liberal democratic principles, and the situation is worsening in many Eurasian nations.

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Monitoring problems

Non-Governmental Organizations dedicated to monitoring Human Rights and avoiding their infringement are an essential part of modern international relations. International monitoring of former Soviet republics’ human rights performance has influenced their political systems. At the turn of the 20th and 21st century, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Georgia tried to claim adherence to “European principles” and the European model of human rights protection.

In the early 1990s, outside groups began monitoring human rights in these nations. Human Rights Watch, Freedom House, and Reporters without Borders monitor social and political life in these nations, and we may utilize their assessments to diagnose human rights issues.

Conclusion

Human rights are a vital aspect of democracy because democracy is the only type of government that considers and protects people’s demands. In an era of globalization and knowledge, when it appears impossible to hide anything from people, many state authorities nevertheless try to replace facts to cast democracy and human rights poorly. In many post-Soviet countries, even a suggestion of protected citizen rights is a nightmare.

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Why aren’t there enough institutions to defend people’s rights? This study contends that the USSR’s communist rule had the most significant damaging influence on human rights. These are simply common examples. But even these are enough for a reader to realize the harmful impact of that epoch, which now hinders democratic growth in Georgia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, and other nations.

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